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Microbe : Escherichia coli

Microbe Description

NBRC No. 12713
Scientific name Escherichia coli
Synonymous name Not assigned
History IFO 12713 <- J. Lederberg, W3110
Other culture collection No.
Other No.
Reference
Not assigned

Functional Potential >>Details

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TypePattern Component Gene CDS
Acid resistance (by GABA antiporter)(NFUNC_0071)
RequireA
GAD
(NRULE_0231)
Glutamate decarboxylaseY75_3704 Y75_1489
GADC
(NRULE_0234)
Glutamate/gamma-aminobutyrate antiporterY75_1488
Alanine racemization(NFUNC_0063)
RequireA
ALR
(NRULE_0228)
Alanine racemaseY75_1170 Y75_3984
Anthranilate biosynthesis(NFUNC_0038)
RequireA
GLAT
(NRULE_0142)
Glutamine amidotransferaseY75_1247 Y75_3859
TRPE
(NRULE_0143)
Anthranilate synthase component IY75_1248
Aromatic azo compounds degradation(NFUNC_0073)
RequireA
AZOR
(NRULE_0236)
FMN-dependent NADH-azoreductaseY75_1404
Arsenical resistance(NFUNC_0004)
RequireA
ARSB1
(NRULE_0015)
Arsenical pump membrane proteinY75_3719
ARSC1
(NRULE_0017)
Arsenate reductaseY75_3718 Y75_2488
Bacitracin resistance(NFUNC_0022)
RequireA
UPPP
(NRULE_0097)
Undecaprenyl-diphosphataseY75_3023
Beta-lactam antibiotic resistance(NFUNC_0033)
RequireC
BLAC
(NRULE_0124)
Beta-lactamase class CY75_4084
Betaine biosynthesis (from choline)(NFUNC_0049)
RequireA
BETA
(NRULE_0175)
Choline dehydrogenaseY75_0302
Biotin biosynthesis(NFUNC_0051)
RequireA
BIOF
(NRULE_0182)
8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthaseY75_0753
BIOA
(NRULE_0183)
Adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxononanoate aminotransferaseY75_0751
BIOD
(NRULE_0184)
ATP-dependent dethiobiotin synthetase BioDY75_1589 Y75_0755
BIOB
(NRULE_0185)
Biotin synthaseY75_0752
Cephalosporin resistance(NFUNC_0048)
RequireA
BLAC
(NRULE_0124)
Beta-lactamase class CY75_4084
Dihydroxy aromatic compounds degradation (via meta-cleavage pathway)(NFUNC_0011)
RequireA
EDIO
(NRULE_0058)
extradiol dioxygenaseY75_3005 Y75_0338
METAH
(NRULE_0059)
meta-cleavage compound hydrolaseY75_0339
HPDH
(NRULE_0063)
2-hydroxypent-2,4-dienoate hydrataseY75_0340
HOA
(NRULE_0064)
4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolaseY75_0342
ACDH
(NRULE_0065)
Acetaldehyde dehydrogenaseY75_0341
Folate biosynthesis(NFUNC_0044)
RequireA
GLAT
(NRULE_0142)
Glutamine amidotransferaseY75_1247 Y75_3859
DHPS
(NRULE_0144)
Dihydropteroate synthaseY75_3137
FOLM
(NRULE_0146)
Dihydrofolate reductase FolMY75_1602
FOLB
(NRULE_0158)
Dihydroneopterin aldolaseY75_2309 Y75_3024
FOLK
(NRULE_0159)
2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyldihydropteridine pyrophosphokinaseY75_0139
FOLC
(NRULE_0160)
Bifunctional protein FolCY75_2321
PABB
(NRULE_0161)
Para-aminobenzoate synthase component IY75_1809
PABC
(NRULE_0162)
Aminodeoxychorismate lyaseY75_1072
B
GLAT
(NRULE_0142)
Glutamine amidotransferaseY75_1247 Y75_3859
DHPS
(NRULE_0144)
Dihydropteroate synthaseY75_3137
FOLA
(NRULE_0147)
Dihydrofolate reductaseY75_0048
FOLB
(NRULE_0158)
Dihydroneopterin aldolaseY75_2309 Y75_3024
FOLK
(NRULE_0159)
2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyldihydropteridine pyrophosphokinaseY75_0139
FOLC
(NRULE_0160)
Bifunctional protein FolCY75_2321
PABB
(NRULE_0161)
Para-aminobenzoate synthase component IY75_1809
PABC
(NRULE_0162)
Aminodeoxychorismate lyaseY75_1072
GABA biosynthesis(NFUNC_0066)
RequireA
GAD
(NRULE_0231)
Glutamate decarboxylaseY75_3704 Y75_1489
Macrolide antibiotic resistance(NFUNC_0045)
RequireB
RLMA
(NRULE_0165)
23S rRNA (guanine-N(1))-methyltransferaseY75_1819
C
MACA
(NRULE_0166)
Macrolide-specific efflux protein MacAY75_0855
MACB
(NRULE_0167)
Macrolide export ATP-binding/permease protein MacBY75_0856
Metal-binding protein(NFUNC_0105)
RequireA
MOP
(NRULE_0322)
Putative molybdenum-binding proteinY75_0738 Y75_0742
B
MODE
(NRULE_0323)
Putative molybdate-dependent transcriptional regulatorY75_0738
C
MODA
(NRULE_0324)
Molybdate ABC transporter substrate-binding proteinY75_2426 Y75_3965 Y75_0740 Y75_3312
E
CUER
(NRULE_0328)
Copper-responsive transcriptional regulator CueRY75_0475
F
SOXR
(NRULE_0329)
Redox-sensitive transcriptional activator SoxRY75_3994
G
ZNTR
(NRULE_0330)
Zinc-responsive transcriptional regulator ZntRY75_3928
H
NIKR
(NRULE_0331)
Nickel-responsive transcriptional regulator NikRY75_3741
I
ISCR
(NRULE_0332)
Rrf2 family transcriptional regulator IscRY75_2524
Molybdate transport (ABC transporter)(NFUNC_0097)
RequireA
MODA
(NRULE_0324)
Molybdate ABC transporter substrate-binding proteinY75_0740 Y75_3965 Y75_3312 Y75_2426
Participant 
MODE
(NRULE_0323)
Putative molybdate-dependent transcriptional regulatorY75_0738
 
MODB
(NRULE_0325)
Molybdate ABC transporter permease proteinY75_0741
 
MODC
(NRULE_0326)
Molybdate ABC transporter ATP-binding proteinY75_0742
(R)-pantothenate biosynthesis(NFUNC_0030)
RequireA
PAND
(NRULE_0115)
Aspartate 1-decarboxylaseY75_0128
PANB
(NRULE_0116)
3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate hydroxymethyltransferaseY75_0131
PANE
(NRULE_0117)
2-dehydropantoate 2-reductaseY75_0414
PANC
(NRULE_0118)
Pantothenate synthetaseY75_0130
Phenol degradation(NFUNC_0028)
RequireC
PHEA2
(NRULE_0084)
Aromatic ring hydroxylaseY75_0337
Participant 
FDR2
(NRULE_0057)
Ferredoxin reductaseY75_2535
 
FDR1
(NRULE_0032)
Oxygenase electron transfer componentY75_1800 Y75_0849 Y75_1383
 
FDX1
(NRULE_0034)
Putative Rieske-type ferredoxinY75_2533 Y75_2531 Y75_1799
 
FADR1
(NRULE_0101)
NADH-dependent flavin reductaseY75_0984 Y75_1458
Phytic acid hydrolysis(NFUNC_0085)
RequireB
APPA
(NRULE_0259)
Periplasmic AppA proteinY75_0955
Polymyxin resistance(NFUNC_0036)
RequireA
ARNA
(NRULE_0132)
Bifunctional polymyxin resistance protein ArnAY75_2258
ARNB
(NRULE_0133)
UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose--oxoglutarate aminotransferaseY75_2256
ARNC
(NRULE_0134)
Undecaprenyl-phosphate 4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose transferaseY75_2257
ARND
(NRULE_0135)
Probable 4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose-phosphoundecaprenol deformylase ArnDY75_2259
ARNE
(NRULE_0136)
Probable 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose-phosphoundecaprenol flippase subunit ArnEY75_2261
ARNF
(NRULE_0137)
Probable 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose-phosphoundecaprenol flippase subunit ArnFY75_2262
ARNT
(NRULE_0138)
Undecaprenyl phosphate-alpha-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose arabinosyl transferaseY75_2260
Riboflavin biosynthesis(NFUNC_0058)
RequireA
RIBB
(NRULE_0200)
3,4-dihydroxy-2-butanone 4-phosphate synthaseY75_3007
RIBA
(NRULE_0201)
GTP cyclohydrolase-2Y75_1264
RIBD
(NRULE_0202)
Riboflavin biosynthesis protein RibDY75_0403
RIBH
(NRULE_0203)
6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine synthaseY75_0404
RIBE
(NRULE_0204)
Riboflavin synthaseY75_1659
Participant 
RIBF
(NRULE_0205)
Riboflavin biosynthesis protein RibFY75_0025
Trehalose biosynthesis (from NDP-glucose and glucose-6-phosphate)(NFUNC_0031)
RequireA
TPS
(NRULE_0119)
Trehalose-phosphate synthaseY75_1893
TPP
(NRULE_0120)
Trehalose-6-phosphate phosphataseY75_1894
Uptake of osmoprotectant(NFUNC_0061)
RequireA
OPUAC
(NRULE_0213)
Osmoprotectant ABC transporter substrate-binding proteinY75_2662
OPUAB
(NRULE_0214)
Osmoprotectant ABC transporter permease proteinY75_2661
OPUAA
(NRULE_0215)
Osmoprotectant ABC transporter ATP-binding proteinY75_2660
C
BCCT
(NRULE_0220)
BCCT family transporterY75_0040 Y75_0305 Y75_1798
D
PROP
(NRULE_0221)
Osmoprotectant transporterY75_4043
E
OPUE
(NRULE_0222)
Sodium/proline symporterY75_0992
Vitamin B6 biosynthesis (PdxA/PdxJ pathway)(NFUNC_0060)
RequireA
EPD
(NRULE_0208)
D-erythrose-4-phosphate dehydrogenaseY75_2898
PDXB
(NRULE_0209)
Erythronate-4-phosphate dehydrogenaseY75_2326
SERC
(NRULE_0210)
Phosphoserine aminotransferaseY75_0883
PDXA
(NRULE_0211)
4-hydroxythreonine-4-phosphate dehydrogenaseY75_0052
PDXJ
(NRULE_0212)
Pyridoxine 5'-phosphate synthaseY75_2557

Genomic Overview

BioProject IDPRJNA16351
Locus_tagY75
INSDC entriesAP009048
Sequence statusComplete
Current status
Contig number1
Size(bp) 4,646,332
Gene 4,227
Finishing goal
Assembly method
Coverage
Technology
Reference
  • Nucleotide sequence of an insertion element, IS1. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978) PMID: 273224
  • Nucleotide sequence of the operator-promoter region of the galactose operon of Escherichia coli. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1977) PMID: 319453
  • Nucleotide sequence of the L-arabinose regulatory region of Escherichia coli K12. (J Biol Chem. 1978) PMID: 357433
  • Complementary sequences 1700 nucleotides apart form a ribonuclease III cleavage site in Escherichia coli ribosomal precursor RNA. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978) PMID: 358189
  • DNA sequence of the araBAD promoter in Escherichia coli B/r. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978) PMID: 368797
  • DNA sequence of the transposable element IS1. (Mol Gen Genet. 1979) PMID: 375010
  • Cloning, sequence analysis, and overexpression of Escherichia coli folK, the gene coding for 7,8-dihydro-6-hydroxymethylpterin-pyrophosphokinase. (J Bacteriol. 1992) PMID: 1325970
  • The genes encoding the two carboxyltransferase subunits of Escherichia coli acetyl-CoA carboxylase. (J Biol Chem. 1992) PMID: 1355089
  • The Crl protein activates cryptic genes for curli formation and fibronectin binding in Escherichia coli HB101. (Mol Microbiol. 1992) PMID: 1357528
  • Comparison of the expression of the seven ribosomal RNA operons in Escherichia coli. (EMBO J. 1992) PMID: 1396599
  • Identification and characterization of the smbA gene, a suppressor of the mukB null mutant of Escherichia coli. (J Bacteriol. 1992) PMID: 1447125
  • Identification, cloning, and characterization of rcsF, a new regulator gene for exopolysaccharide synthesis that suppresses the division mutation ftsZ84 in Escherichia coli K-12. (J Bacteriol. 1992) PMID: 1459951
  • Structural requirements for the processing of Escherichia coli 5 S ribosomal RNA by RNase E in vitro. (J Mol Biol. 1992) PMID: 1474579
  • Systematic sequencing of the Escherichia coli genome: analysis of the 0-2.4 min region. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1992) PMID: 1630901
  • Molecular cloning and DNA sequence of dniR, a gene affecting anaerobic expression of the Escherichia coli hexaheme nitrite reductase. (FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1991) PMID: 1663890
  • Nucleotide sequence and functions of mrk determinants necessary for expression of type 3 fimbriae in Klebsiella pneumoniae. (J Bacteriol. 1991) PMID: 1670938
  • Gene sequences and comparison of the fimbrial subunits representative of Bacteroides nodosus serotypes A to I: class I and class II strains. (Mol Microbiol. 1991) PMID: 1675419
  • Identification and sequence of the drpA gene from Escherichia coli. (J Bacteriol. 1990) PMID: 1688424
  • Peptidase D gene (pepD) of Escherichia coli K-12: nucleotide sequence, transcript mapping, and comparison with other peptidase genes. (J Bacteriol. 1990) PMID: 1695895
  • ERIC sequences: a novel family of repetitive elements in the genomes of Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and other enterobacteria. (Mol Microbiol. 1991) PMID: 1713281
  • Use of site-directed mutagenesis to enhance the epitope-shielding effect of covalent modification of proteins with polyethylene glycol. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991) PMID: 1714590
  • The nucleotide sequence of a voltage-gated chloride channel from the electric organ of Torpedo californica. (Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991) PMID: 1721838
  • Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of the recA gene of Vibrio cholerae. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1992) PMID: 1741267
  • Four types of IS1 with differences in nucleotide sequence reside in the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome. (Gene. 1991) PMID: 1849492
  • Nucleotide sequence of the fixABC region of Azorhizobium caulinodans ORS571: similarity of the fixB product with eukaryotic flavoproteins, characterization of fixX, and identification of nifW. (Mol Gen Genet. 1991) PMID: 1850088
  • Identification of the promoter region of the ribosome-releasing factor cistron (frr). (J Bacteriol. 1991) PMID: 1860827
  • Structural genes of glutamate 1-semialdehyde aminotransferase for porphyrin synthesis in a cyanobacterium and Escherichia coli. (Mol Gen Genet. 1991) PMID: 1900346
  • Topographic analysis of the toxic Gef protein from Escherichia coli. (Mol Microbiol. 1991) PMID: 1943700
  • The gef gene from Escherichia coli is regulated at the level of translation. (Mol Microbiol. 1991) PMID: 1943701
  • Products of three accessory genes, pilB, pilC, and pilD, are required for biogenesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pili. (J Bacteriol. 1990) PMID: 1971619
  • Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the firA gene and the firA200(Ts) allele from Escherichia coli. (J Bacteriol. 1991) PMID: 1987124
  • The ompH gene of Yersinia enterocolitica: cloning, sequencing, expression, and comparison with known enterobacterial ompH sequences. (J Bacteriol. 1991) PMID: 1991717
  • Requirement of the RNA helicase-like protein PRP22 for release of messenger RNA from spliceosomes. (Nature. 1991) PMID: 1992352
  • Nucleotide sequence of the lsp-dapB interval in Escherichia coli. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1991) PMID: 2011499
  • Nucleotide sequence and characterization of the sfs1 gene: sfs1 is involved in CRP*-dependent mal gene expression in Escherichia coli. (J Bacteriol. 1991) PMID: 2013578
  • The cloning and DNA sequence of the gene for the glutathione-regulated potassium-efflux system KefC of Escherichia coli. (Mol Microbiol. 1991) PMID: 2046548
  • Levanase operon of Bacillus subtilis includes a fructose-specific phosphotransferase system regulating the expression of the operon. (J Mol Biol. 1990) PMID: 2117666
  • Aphidicolin inhibits DNA polymerase II of Escherichia coli, an alpha-like DNA polymerase. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1990) PMID: 2124684
  • Structure and regulation of the gene for dGTP triphosphohydrolase from Escherichia coli. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990) PMID: 2157212
  • Identification and characterization of a new Escherichia coli gene that is a dosage-dependent suppressor of a dnaK deletion mutation. (J Bacteriol. 1990) PMID: 2180916
  • The nucleotide sequence of leuA from Salmonella typhimurium. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1990) PMID: 2181403
  • Molecular analysis of the structural gene for yeast transaldolase. (Eur J Biochem. 1990) PMID: 2185015
  • The nucleotide sequence of leuC from Salmonella typhimurium. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1990) PMID: 2190189
  • Partition of tRNA synthetases into two classes based on mutually exclusive sets of sequence motifs. (Nature. 1990) PMID: 2203971
  • Nucleotide sequence of Rhizobium loti nodI. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1990) PMID: 2251131
  • Cloning and sequencing of a bile acid-inducible operon from Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708. (J Bacteriol. 1990) PMID: 2254270
  • Nucleotide sequence and deletion analysis of the polB gene of Escherichia coli. (DNA Cell Biol. 1990) PMID: 2261080
  • Molecular characterization of the nodulation gene, nodT, from two biovars of Rhizobium leguminosarum. (Mol Microbiol. 1990) PMID: 2338917
  • Nucleotide sequence of a gene, hpt, for hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase from Vibrio harveyi. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1990) PMID: 2388850
  • Nucleotide sequences of the sfuA, sfuB, and sfuC genes of Serratia marcescens suggest a periplasmic-binding-protein-dependent iron transport mechanism. (J Bacteriol. 1990) PMID: 2404942
  • Nucleotide sequence of the aroP gene encoding the general aromatic amino acid transport protein of Escherichia coli K-12: homology with yeast transport proteins. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1990) PMID: 2408019
  • Structure of the DNA distal to the gene for ribosomal protein S20 in Escherichia coli K12: presence of a strong terminator and an IS1 element. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1986) PMID: 2429258
  • Complementary DNA and derived amino acid sequence of the precursor of one of the three protein components of the inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor complex. (FEBS Lett. 1988) PMID: 2450046
  • Genetics and sequence analysis of the pcnB locus, an Escherichia coli gene involved in plasmid copy number control. (J Bacteriol. 1989) PMID: 2537812
  • IS421, a new insertion sequence in Escherichia coli. (FEBS Lett. 1989) PMID: 2542093
  • Accurate mapping of the Escherichia coli pepD gene by sequence analysis of its 5' flanking region. (Mol Gen Genet. 1989) PMID: 2651887
  • Spermidine biosynthesis in Escherichia coli: promoter and termination regions of the speED operon. (J Bacteriol. 1989) PMID: 2666401
  • Overlap between pdxA and ksgA in the complex pdxA-ksgA-apaG-apaH operon of Escherichia coli K-12. (J Bacteriol. 1989) PMID: 2670894
  • Molecular cloning and expression of ribosome releasing factor. (J Biol Chem. 1989) PMID: 2684966
  • Signalling proteins in enterobacterial AmpC beta-lactamase regulation. (Mol Microbiol. 1989) PMID: 2691840
  • Characterization of a leuA gene and an ARS element from Mucor circinelloides. (Gene. 1989) PMID: 2693214
  • Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of cDNAs encoding the precursors of rat long chain acyl-coenzyme A, short chain acyl-coenzyme A, and isovaleryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenases. Sequence homology of four enzymes of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family. (J Biol Chem. 1989) PMID: 2777793
  • Molecular cloning and sequence analysis of the cDNA for rat mitochondrial enoyl-CoA hydratase. Structural and evolutionary relationships linked to the bifunctional enzyme of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation system. (Eur J Biochem. 1989) PMID: 2806264
  • Nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli gene for lipid A disaccharide synthase. (J Bacteriol. 1987) PMID: 2824445
  • Sequencing of the gene ant which affects the Na+/H+ antiporter activity in Escherichia coli. (J Biol Chem. 1988) PMID: 2839489
  • Human dioxin-inducible cytosolic NAD(P)H:menadione oxidoreductase. cDNA sequence and localization of gene to chromosome 16. (J Biol Chem. 1988) PMID: 2843525
  • Nucleotide sequence of the gene encoding the GMP reductase of Escherichia coli K12. (Biochem J. 1988) PMID: 2904262
  • Characterization of the ileS-lsp operon in Escherichia coli. Identification of an open reading frame upstream of the ileS gene and potential promoter(s) for the ileS-lsp operon. (J Biol Chem. 1985) PMID: 2985604
  • Transcriptional organization of the convergent overlapping dnaQ-rnh genes of Escherichia coli. (J Biol Chem. 1985) PMID: 2987244
  • Characterization of the 3' end of the leucine operon of Salmonella typhimurium. (Mol Gen Genet. 1985) PMID: 2993799
  • Molecular cloning and sequencing of the gene for CDP-diglyceride synthetase of Escherichia coli. (J Biol Chem. 1985) PMID: 2995358
  • Structural analysis of a new GC-specific insertion element IS186. (FEBS Lett. 1985) PMID: 2996940
  • Nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli dnaJ gene and purification of the gene product. (J Biol Chem. 1986) PMID: 3003084
  • Glutamyl-tRNA synthetase of Escherichia coli. Isolation and primary structure of the gltX gene and homology with other aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. (J Biol Chem. 1986) PMID: 3015933
  • Cloning and characterization of a cDNA encoding the rat brain glucose-transporter protein. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986) PMID: 3016720
  • Iron hydroxamate transport of Escherichia coli: nucleotide sequence of the fhuB gene and identification of the protein. (Mol Gen Genet. 1986) PMID: 3020380
  • DNA sequence and coding properties of mutD(dnaQ) a dominant Escherichia coli mutator gene. (J Mol Biol. 1986) PMID: 3023634
  • Transcription control of the aroP gene in Escherichia coli K-12: analysis of operator mutants. (J Bacteriol. 1987) PMID: 3025182
  • Processing of the initiation methionine from proteins: properties of the Escherichia coli methionine aminopeptidase and its gene structure. (J Bacteriol. 1987) PMID: 3027045
  • Organization and partial sequence of a DNA region of the Rhizobium leguminosarum symbiotic plasmid pRL6JI containing the genes fixABC, nifA, nifB and a novel open reading frame. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1987) PMID: 3029674
  • The gene for Escherichia coli diadenosine tetraphosphatase is located immediately clockwise to folA and forms an operon with ksgA. (Mol Gen Genet. 1986) PMID: 3031429
  • The hisT-purF region of the Escherichia coli K-12 chromosome. Identification of additional genes of the hisT and purF operons. (J Biol Chem. 1987) PMID: 3040734
  • Characterization of the cyn operon in Escherichia coli K12. (J Biol Chem. 1988) PMID: 3049588
  • Sequence analysis and regulation of the htrA gene of Escherichia coli: a sigma 32-independent mechanism of heat-inducible transcription. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1988) PMID: 3057437
  • Protein fusions of beta-galactosidase to the ferrichrome-iron receptor of Escherichia coli K-12. (J Bacteriol. 1986) PMID: 3079747
  • Primary structures and catalytic properties of isoenzymes encoded by the two 4-coumarate: CoA ligase genes in parsley. (Eur J Biochem. 1988) PMID: 3169018
  • First committed step of lipid A biosynthesis in Escherichia coli: sequence of the lpxA gene. (J Bacteriol. 1988) PMID: 3277952
  • A newly discovered tRNA(1Asp) gene (aspV) of Escherichia coli K12. (Mol Gen Genet. 1987) PMID: 3295485
  • fhuC and fhuD genes for iron (III)-ferrichrome transport into Escherichia coli K-12. (J Bacteriol. 1987) PMID: 3301821
  • Sequence analysis of the Escherichia coli dnaE gene. (J Bacteriol. 1987) PMID: 3316192
  • The speEspeD operon of Escherichia coli. Formation and processing of a proenzyme form of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase. (J Biol Chem. 1987) PMID: 3316212
  • Nucleotide sequence and organization of copper resistance genes from Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. (J Bacteriol. 1988) PMID: 3372485
  • Structure and function of dnaQ and mutD mutators of Escherichia coli. (Mol Gen Genet. 1986) PMID: 3540531
  • DNA base changes and alkylation following in vivo exposure of Escherichia coli to N-methyl-N-nitrosourea or N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987) PMID: 3540961
  • The organization of the araBAD operon of Escherichia coli. (Gene. 1986) PMID: 3549454
  • The nucleotide sequences of the ponA and ponB genes encoding penicillin-binding protein 1A and 1B of Escherichia coli K12. (Eur J Biochem. 1985) PMID: 3882429
  • Consensus sequence for Escherichia coli heat shock gene promoters. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985) PMID: 3887408
  • Repetitive extragenic palindromic (REP) sequences in the Escherichia coli gdhA gene. (Gene. 1985) PMID: 3902576
  • Analysis of the Escherichia coli proBA locus by DNA and protein sequencing. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1984) PMID: 6089111
  • Regulation of expression and nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli dapD gene. (J Biol Chem. 1984) PMID: 6094577
  • Nucleotide sequence and expression of the Escherichia coli dapB gene. (J Biol Chem. 1984) PMID: 6094578
  • Factors governing the expression of a bacterial gene in mammalian cells. (Mol Cell Biol. 1981) PMID: 6100966
  • Nucleotide sequence of the E coli gene coding for dihydrofolate reductase. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1980) PMID: 6159575
  • The Escherichia coli L-arabinose operon: binding sites of the regulatory proteins and a mechanism of positive and negative regulation. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980) PMID: 6251457
  • Nucleotide sequence of the thrB gene of E. coli, and its two adjacent regions; the thrAB and thrBC junctions. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1981) PMID: 6259626
  • Mechanism of araC autoregulation and the domains of two overlapping promoters, Pc and PBAD, in the L-arabinose regulatory region of Escherichia coli. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981) PMID: 6262769
  • Nucleotide sequence of the gene for ribosomal protein S20 and its flanking regions. (J Biol Chem. 1981) PMID: 6267039
  • Organization and nucleotide sequence of a new ribosomal operon in Escherichia coli containing the genes for ribosomal protein S2 and elongation factor Ts. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1981) PMID: 6272196
  • Is the amino acid but not the nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli araC gene conserved? (J Mol Biol. 1982) PMID: 6283093
  • Sequence of the malK gene in E.coli K12. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1982) PMID: 6296778
  • Low levels of RNase H activity in Escherichia coli FB2 rnh result from a single-base change in the structural gene of RNase H. (J Bacteriol. 1983) PMID: 6302075
  • Nucleotide sequence of thrC and of the transcription termination region of the threonine operon in Escherichia coli K12. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1983) PMID: 6316258
  • Major heat shock gene of Drosophila and the Escherichia coli heat-inducible dnaK gene are homologous. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984) PMID: 6322174
  • Nucleotide sequence of the xanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase gene of E. coli. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1983) PMID: 6324102
  • Nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase gene. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1983) PMID: 6324103
  • Complete nucleotide sequence of phoE, the structural gene for the phosphate limitation inducible outer membrane pore protein of Escherichia coli K12. (J Mol Biol. 1983) PMID: 6341601
  • The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex of Escherichia coli K12. Nucleotide sequence encoding the pyruvate dehydrogenase component. (Eur J Biochem. 1983) PMID: 6343085
  • The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex of Escherichia coli K12. Nucleotide sequence encoding the dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase component. (Eur J Biochem. 1983) PMID: 6345153
  • Nucleotide sequence of the lipoamide dehydrogenase gene of Escherichia coli K12. (Eur J Biochem. 1983) PMID: 6352260
  • Nucleotide sequence of the Escherichia coli prolipoprotein signal peptidase (lsp) gene. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984) PMID: 6374664
  • Multiple regulatory signals in the control region of the Escherichia coli carAB operon. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984) PMID: 6377309
  • Nucleotide sequence and analysis of deletion mutants of the Escherichia coli gpt gene in plasmid pSV2 gpt. (Gene. 1984) PMID: 6396164
  • Structural and functional organization of the gpt gene region of Escherichia coli. (Gene. 1984) PMID: 6397401
  • Nucleotide sequence of the thrA gene of Escherichia coli. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980) PMID: 7003595
  • DNA sequence of the araC regulatory gene from Escherichia coli B/r. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1980) PMID: 7008027
  • Purified lexA protein is a repressor of the recA and lexA genes. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981) PMID: 7027255
  • Cloning and organization of the abc and mdl genes of Escherichia coli: relationship to eukaryotic multidrug resistance. (Gene. 1993) PMID: 7904973
  • Ribosome recycling factor (ribosome releasing factor) is essential for bacterial growth. (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994) PMID: 8183897
  • Systematic sequencing of the Escherichia coli genome: analysis of the 2.4-4.1 min (110,917-193,643 bp) region. (Nucleic Acids Res. 1994) PMID: 8202364
  • Rhs elements of Escherichia coli K-12: complex composites of shared and unique components that have different evolutionary histories. (J Bacteriol. 1993) PMID: 8387990
  • The genes of the glutamine synthetase adenylylation cascade are not regulated by nitrogen in Escherichia coli. (Mol Microbiol. 1993) PMID: 8412694
  • Characterization of the gcd gene from Escherichia coli K-12 W3110 and regulation of its expression. (J Bacteriol. 1993) PMID: 8419307
  • A 718-kb DNA sequence of the Escherichia coli K-12 genome corresponding to the 12.7-28.0 min region on the linkage map. (DNA Res. 1996) PMID: 8905232
  • The 2'-5' RNA ligase of Escherichia coli. Purification, cloning, and genomic disruption. (J Biol Chem. 1996) PMID: 8940112
  • A 570-kb DNA sequence of the Escherichia coli K-12 genome corresponding to the 28.0-40.1 min region on the linkage map. (DNA Res. 1996) PMID: 9097039
  • A 460-kb DNA sequence of the Escherichia coli K-12 genome corresponding to the 40.1-50.0 min region on the linkage map. (DNA Res. 1996) PMID: 9097040
  • Construction of a contiguous 874-kb sequence of the Escherichia coli -K12 genome corresponding to 50.0-68.8 min on the linkage map and analysis of its sequence features. (DNA Res. 1997) PMID: 9205837
  • Escherichia coli K-12: a cooperatively developed annotation snapshot--2005. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2006) PMID: 16397293
  • Highly accurate genome sequences of Escherichia coli K-12 strains MG1655 and W3110. (Mol Syst Biol. 2006) PMID: 16738553

Data Download

Genomic nucleotide sequence Nucleotide sequence of the coding regions Translation of the coding sequneces List of genes / ORFs
FASTA
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FASTA
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FASTA
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